Greece, Dora Stratou
As you can read in the story about Dora Stratou, Esoteric Records recorded two records of the Dora Stratou Greek Dance Company during their tour in the United States:
- Greek Folk Music and Dances, Esoteric ES 527
- Greek Island and Mountain Songs, Esoteric ES 531
Both records have the following introductory notes on the back of the cover, written by the Greek ethnomusicologist Fivos Anoyanakis.
On the basis of further research we were able to find out the names of musicians who have played on the Esoteric recordings.
- Cretan lira & solo singer: Alexander (Alekos) Karavitis
- Laouto & bouzouki: Nicholas Mastrokalos (“Tzouganos”)
- (Epirot) clarinet: Georgios Brachiopoulos
- (Epirot) violin and guitar: Alexandros (Alekos) Tzoumas
- Gaida, pontic lira & singer: Alexandros (Alekos) Akrivopoulos
- Pontic lira: Elias Mavropoulos
- solo singer: Dora (Dorothea) Stratou
- solo singer: Afroditi Papanikolaou
- solo singer & dancer: Alexandros (Alekos) Akrivopoulos
or in Greek:
- Κρητική λύρα & σολίστ τραγούδι: Αλέξανδρος (Αλέκος) Καραβίτης
- Λάουτο, κιθάρα & μπουζούκι: Νικόλαος Μαστρόκαλος ("Τζουγάνος")
- (Ηπειρωτική) κλαρίνο: Γεώργιος Βραχιόπουλος
- (Ηπειρωτική) βιολ: Αλέξανδρος (Αλέκος) Τζούμας
- Γκάϊδα, Ποντιακή λυρα & τραγούδι: Αλέξανδρος (Αλέκος) Ακριβόπουλος
- Ποντιακή λύρα: Ηλίας Μαυρόπουλος
Τραγουδιστριεσ & τραγουδιστεσ
- Τραγούδι: Δόρα (Δωροθέα) Στράτου
- Τραγούδι: Αφροδίτη Παπανικολάου
- Τραγούδι & χορός: Αλέξανδρος (Αλέκος) Ακριβόπουλος
Esoteric ES 527
01 Cyprus and other islands
03 Ionian Islands
03 Roumeli and the Peloponnese
- Cyprus and other islands
- HASSAPIKOS, a “butcher’s dance” whose origin is to be found in the Byzantium; here played on a bouzouki (a small variety of lute) and a guitar.
- ZERVOS KARPATHOU, a syrtos dance from Karpathos, Dodecanese.
- ANTIKRISTOS KYPROU, a suite of five dances performed by pairs of men and women facing each other. The alternation of simple composite rhythms (9/8 and 7/8 times—that is, 9/8=3/8 + 2/8 + 2/8 + 2/8) gives an air of particular variety to this dancing suite from the island of Cyprus.
- PSAROPOULA, a lyrical island song in which the womenfolk hail the boats that have just set sail for the fishing-grounds, hoping that they return full of sponges, coral and pearls.
Threnodies, sung by Dora Stratou. These funeral laments are sung by women mourners, especially in the Peloponnese and Epirus. Sometimes a threnody is part of a sad, slow dance around the bier or grave of the deceased. There is a brute pagan naturalism in Greek moirologhia.
- Ionnian islands
This is a selection of songs and dances exhibiting a blend of Western and Eastern cultural influences—the sensuality of the East is balanced by the strict rules of the West. Ionian songs, often polyphonic in structure, and Ionian melodies as a whole, reveal a high degree of culture.
- LEFKADITIKOS, a dance of Lefkas Island in which simple and composite measures alternate.
- YIALO-YIALO, a polyphonic song typical of Kephalonia. Known as “cantades” these songs are a kind of serenade whose lyrical theme most frequently concerns love.
- BALLOS, the most characteristic of island love-dances and possibly of Venetian origin. Danced in pairs, it illustrates love at play.
- XYPNA DAKTILIDOSTOMI, (Awake my round-mouthed beauty), a cantada of Zakynthos Island.
- DOINA, the melody is improvised by the clarinetist and is remarkable for its lyricism.
- PANOU STA ALONIA (At the threshing-floors). A dancing-song from Kapoutsides village. The words set the scene: in the upper quarter of the village on the threshing-floor, a bride and her mother-in-law dance to the tune of drum and fiddle, mimicking the behaviour of a man and his newly-wed wife.
- CHORIATIKOS, a village dance of mixed syrtos-pidiktos measures performed on holidays and festival days (9/8 time).
- TI KLAIS KAIMENI MARIA (Why do you weep, Maria). The slow tempo of this dancing-song livens up as the singer unfolds her grief for her sick husband who lies at death’s door, but Charon (the reaper of souls) does not come to take him.
- YERAKINA, a favorite dancing-song in 7/8 time. Yerakina, her bracelets all a-jingle, goes to the well to draw water and falls in. A young man hearing her screams for help, lets down his golden belt, rescues her, and makes her his wife.
- ANTIKRISTOS, A love-dance performed by pairs of dancers in Macedonia. A flirtatious opening and the free rhythm of the melody on a clarinet are succeeded by a more intense tempo and more robust movements as the dance progresses, changing from simple to composite measures (7/8 time).
- THA KANI XASTERIA (When will the night sky clear). One of the most typical heroic and revolutionary songs of Crete Island, dating from the time of the mountain patriots’ determined struggles to rid their native land of the Ottoman yoke.
- KASTRINOS, a syrtos, danced in the locality of Kastro (Iraklion).
- MANDINADES. The violist accompanies himself as he sings mandinades (Cretan distichs). There are hundreds of known mandinades, but a versatile singer often composes his own on the spur of the moment and in sympathy with the mood of the occasion.
- SOUSTA, originally a martial dance (supposedly danced by Achilles round the funeral-pyre of Patroclus outside the walls of Troy), the sousta is nowadays a pair dance with a love motif.
- PENTOZALIS. The Pentozalis derives its name from the “giddy five-step rhythm in which the dancers, usually men, move, increasing in speed and performing intricate steps on the spot.
- Roumeli and the Peloponnese
- YOURIA-YOURIA, a song of Thessaly.
- KARAGOUNA, a Thessalian dance performed at Eastertime, portraying young suitors choosing their brides. There are two movements: slow syrtos and lively Kalamatianos-pidiktos measures alternating.
- TSAKONIKOS, from ancient Kynouria in the Peloponnese, this dance has its origin in one of the oldest Cretan myths. It represents Theseus progress through the famous Labyrinth in which the dreadful Minotaur had its lair. The steps and movements are identical with a dance seen in Delos by Lucian and described by him in the second century A.D.
- TORA TA POULIA, an allegoric “klephtic” song. The klephts were the armed Patriot outlaws who from the 17th to the 19th centuries opposed the Ottoman occupiers of their country and eventually, joining with other Greek forces, won independence for their native land in the war that began in 1821.
- TSAMIKOS, a magnificent klephtic dance of great virility. Performed only by men, the leader displays an agile virtuosity in improvising martial leaps and springs.
- TRIA PEDIA (Three Youths). Another klephtic song of expressive rhythm, frequently heard in Central Greece.
Esoteric ES 531
02 Central Greece
04 Aegean Islands
01 Roumeli And The Peloponnese
03 The Peloponnese
- ANGION, a prelude played solo on the cornemusa. This instrument, resembling a bag-pipe, and the lira are the popular instruments of the Pontos region.
- A Song, accompanied by the Pontos lira.
- OMAL, a rather restrained, even solemn dance which precedes all Pontiac festivities.
- MITERITSA (Mother Mine). This is a joyous festival dance, similar to a quadrille, accompanied with song and lira.
- SERRA, a pyrrhic dance of exceptionally martial quality terminating in a sword-fight.
- Songs (Sung by Dora Stratou)
- O AETOS (The Eagle). A typical klephtic song symbolising the heroism and the yearnings of the Greek klephts, the patriotic fighters of the highlands.
- NANOURISMA (Go to sleep, my child). Folk lullabies are sung throughout the country, and this particularly beautiful song is one of the most popular.
- SKAROS, a bucolic melody of the Greek mountain shepherd’s age-old pastoral song.
- VISSANIOTISSA, a solo love-song of Epirus.
- PERATIANOS, a variation of the syrtos, with contrasting moods and tempt (7/8 and 6/8 times alternating.)
- FISSOUNI, Another Epirot syrtos dance, this one in 9/8 time.
- POGONISSIOS, extremely ancient harmonics (fourths and fifths reminiscent of the medieval “organum”) survive in this dance.
- Aegean islands
I TRATA (Our much-patched fishing-boat). An island song of the fishermen of the Aegean Sea.
- Dances and Songs
- STELITSA (Little Stella) A very popular syrtos dance of Epirus.
- AEGIOTISSA, a song of the islands with a lyric theme of love.
- BIRBILIS, an instrumental dance melody of Epirus.
- KATSANTONIS (When you go to Morea, little bird). A klephtic song about the deeds of Katsantonis, the warrior.
- KALAMATIANOS. Originating in the Peloponnese, this is the most popular dance of Greece. It is often accompanied by singers. (7/8 time)
- Popular Eances
- HASSAPIKOS. The origin of this dance is to be found in Byzantine times, and in the old “makellarikos” butcher’s dance, which, constantly renewed in melody and form, is danced today in urban centers and seaports where it still retains its former musical and dance characteristics. It is played here on the bouzouki (a small lute) and guitar.
- REBETIKO (Tonight, poor me, I will be alone). The rebetiko is rather morose and melancholy. This one is sung with a bouzouki and guitar accompaniment.
- REBETIKO. In this dance a solo voice is heard. The hassapikos is often danced to a rebetiko.
- The Peloponnese
TRIS ADERFES (Three Sisters). A satiric song which, nevertheless, expresses the Greek's calm acceptance of often ill-sorted fortune. “We are three sisters, all married; one to a king, another to a good-for-nothing, and a third to a bent old man. At the king's table, roast lamb is served; at the good-for-nothing’s, there is fowl, while at the poor old man's, there is but a thin broth.”
Philips N 00745 R
01 STIN KALAMATA AROSTISSA
04 KERASOUNTA / KOTSI / TRIGONA
05 GAITANI / SOUSTA
07 MAS PIRE TO POTAMI
01 STIN KENTIMENI SOU PODIA
02 TO PIPINI
03 MANDINADES / PENTOZALIS
- STIN KALAMATA AROSTISSA, Afroditi Papanikolaou accompanied by popular instruments in 7/8 rhythm.
- ARACHOVA, a dance song that imitates the "Zygia" (an orchestra of popular organs violin, clarinet, lute and dulcimer).
- HARALAMBIS, one of the most_popular of Greek national folk songs, in 7/8 rhythm, satirical in content, describing the marriage of old-Charalambis.
- Songs and dances from Pontos:
- KERASOUNTA, Dance song accompanied by a Pontiac lyre.
- KOTSI, Dance played on a Pontiac lyre.
- TRIGONA, another dance sung and played on the Pontiac lyre.
- GAITANAI SOUSTA, a lyric Dodecanesean song. It is followed by a preeminently Dodecanesean dance, the "Sousta”.
- NANOURISMA, one of the numerous lullabies sung throughout the country by Greek mothers, by Afroditi Papanikolaou.
- MAS PIRE TO POTAMI, Dance, in the preeminently Greek rhythm of 7/8.
- STIN KENTIMENI SOU PODIA, a lyric song, sung by Afroditi Papanikolaou.
- PIPONI, a Dodecanesean song.
- Songs and dances of the Island of Crete:
- MANDINADES, Cretan distichs accompanied by a "lira" and lute.
- PENTOZALIS, one of the main Cretan dances.
- MYROLOGHIA, two laments (from Epirus and Dodecanese) sung by Dora Stratou.
- LOLENOUME, a love song from Thrace, sung by Afroditi Papanikolaou.
- ARVANITOVLACHA, dance, solo clarinet.
RCA Victor LPMG 9
01 STIN KALAMATA ARROSTISA
03 A TRAGUDISSO KE A HARO
04 AGUROS PETRA PELEKA
05 VIOLETTA MU ANTHISMENI
06 EVGA STO PARATHYRI SU
07 IRAKLIOTIKA PENTOSALIA
08 OLES I DAFNES
02 THALASSA TI SOY EKANA
03 I PSAROVARKA
04 FARASSA KAPADOKIAS / SEYTATA
05 T' ASSTRINGI TU FENGARAKI
07 PAIRNO TO KAMAKAKI MU
08 O ILIOS
- STIN KALAMATA ARROSTISA, I FELL SICK IN KALAMATA, Kalamatiano, Peloponnesian Dance.
- KERASUNTEYKO, song and Dance of Pontos, Black Sea.
- A TRAGUDISSO KE A HARO, LET’S SING AND BE JOYFUL, song of Skyros Island.
- AGUROS PETRA PELEKA, YOUTH HITS THE STONE, song of Skyros Island.
- VIOLETTA MU ANTHISMENI, MY BLOSSOMING VIOLETTA, song of Skyros Island.
- EVGA STO PARATHYRI SU, COME TO YOUR WINDOW, Pogonnesian and Epirus Song and Dance.
- IRAKLIOTIKA PENTOSALIA, Cretan war dance, Crete Island.
- OLES I DAFNES, ALL THE LAURELS, Tsamikos, Greek victorious war dance.
- TSAKONIKOS, dance of Kythira Island. One of the oldest Greek dances at the rhythm 5/4 times.
- THALASSA TI SOY EKANA, SEA WHAT HAVE I DONE TO YOU ?, Dodecannesian Song.
- I PSAROVARKA, THE FISHING BOAT, song of the Sponge Fishers of the Dodecannese.
- FARASSA KAPADOKIAS / SEYTATA
- T' ASSTRINGI TU FENGARAKI, THE HOOK OF THE LITTLE MOON, leaping dance of Drimos — Thessaloniki.
- MYGDALO, song of Drimos - Thessaloniki.
- PAIRNO TO KAMAKAKI MU, I TAKE MY LITTLE SPEAR, song and Dance of Salamina Island.
- O ILIOS, THE SUN, Tsamikos dance.
RCA Victor FPM 161
01 KERNA MAS KORI KERNA MAS
04 SIRTOS RETHIMNOU
01 O AITOS
02 OLA TA POULAKIA
03 AHI VAHI
04 SOUSTA RHODE
05 AN M’ AGAPOUSSES
06 ELA NA PAME
- KERNA MAS KORI KERNA MAS, give us a drink, young woman.
- ALATSATIANI, Zeibekiko dance.
- SIRTOS RETHIMNOU, Cretan dance.
- KASTRINOS, Cretan dance.
- EPIROTIKA, Epirus.
- O AITOS, The Eagle, Tsamikos dance.
- OLA TA POULAKIA, All the Birds, Thassos.
- AHI VAHI, Thassos.
- SOUSTA RHODE, Simi, Dodecanesian dance.
- AN M’ AGAPOUSSES, If You Loved Me, Athenian song.
- ELA NA PAME, Let’s Go, Athenian song.
Volume 1, Peloponissos and Roumeli
01 O GERO NOTIS - KLEFTIKO
02 T' ANDROUTSOU I MANA HAIRETAI - TSAMIKO
03 O AITOS - KLEFTIKO
04 POLLES NYHTIES PERPATISA - TSAMIKO
05 O TAFOS TOU XENITEMENOU - KLEFTIKO
06 ENAS LEVENDIS HOREVE - TSAMIKO
VOCAL: VASILIS KOLOVOS
Side one Morias
01 MOR' PERDIKOULA TOU MORIA - TSAMIKO
02 STON POTAMO MORE LENIO - SYRTO
03 MARATHIKAN TA DENDRA - TSAMIKO
04 XENOS IMOUNA MOR' KYRA PANAGIOTENA - KAGELI
05 TA LEROMENA T' APLYTA
06 PENDE DEKA PAPADIES - KALAMATIANOS
VOCAL: AFRODITI MASIA
Volume 2, Epirus and Macedonia
03 DIPLI GAIDA
05 STROTO STA DYO
06 XEHORISTOS SYGATHISTOS
Side one Macedonia
01 KYRA MARIA
02 MAKEDONIKO MOIROLOI
03 KAGELEVTOS IERISSOU
04 HOROS EPIKLISIS
Volume 3, Thrace and Pontus
05 IMASTAN PEND' EX DAIDES
06 KOUTSOS HOROS
VOCAL: K. BOUZAMANIS
Side two Pontus
01 I NOSTALGIA SOU THA ME FAEI KAII AGAPI SOU THA ME TELEIOSEI
02 ANATHEMA SE EROTA
04 PERNANE TA MESANYHTA KI ANATOLI HARAZEI
05 SARANDA MILA KOKKINA
VOCAL: GIORGOS AMARANTIDIS
Volume 4, Crete, Kythnos and Naxos
01 O DIGENIS
02 AGALIASTOS / BRIMNIANOS
03 KISSAMITIKA SYRTA
04 MALEVIZIOTIKOS HOROS
05 POTE THA KANEI XASTERIA
06 RETHYMNIOTIKA PENTZALIA
01 O KOSMOS EINAI PSEVTIKOS
02 SGOUROS VASILIKOS
04 SKOPOS TIS NYFIS
Seven Seas GT 5024
02 FLUTE SOLO
03 DANCES OF SOULI
04 DANCES OF KONITSA
06 DANCES OF MEGARA
Melophone SMEL 46
04 SPARTILIOTIKOS HOROS
05 ORINOS HOROS
06 SOKRAKITIKOS HOROS
10 PATINADA TIS NYFIS
11 ANIX' TO PARATHYRI SOU
12 KERKYRAYKOS HOROS
Dora Stratou records 1 - 26
The last 10 records will be added in the next update.
- DS 101 Greece
- DS 102 Greece
- DS 103 Greece
- DS 104 Sarakatsanika
- DS 105 Mainland Greece and Pontus
- DS 106 Sandouri improvisation and Smyrna
- DS 107 Greece
- DS 108 Aegean Islands
- DS 109 Aegean Islands
- DS 110 Pontus and Aegean Islands
- DS 111 Xirotopos (Serres)
- DS 112 Sarakatsanitsa
- DS 113 Eastern Macedonia (Pangaio)
- DS 114 Eastern Macedonia (Pangaio)
- DS 115 Roumeli
- DS 116 Macedonia
- DS 117 Thrace
- DS 118 Pontus
- DS 119 Thessaly (Argithea)
- DS 120 Roumeli
- DS 121 Epirus
- DS 122 Greece
- DS 123 Pontus
- DS 124 Mainland Greece
- DS 125 Central Greece and a Sandouri Improvisation
- DS 126 Rhythms
- DS 127 Roumeli
- DS 128 Epirus
- DS 129 Kithira
- DS 130 Macedonia
- DS 131 Thessaly (Argithea)
- DS 132 Thrace
- DS 133 Epirus
- DS 134 Pontus
- DS 135 Thessaly (Drimos)
- DS 136 Crete
Dora Stratou DS 101
Dora Stratou DS 102
Dora Stratou DS 103
Dora Stratou DS 104
Dora Stratou DS 105
Mainland Greece and Pontus
Dora Stratou DS 106
Sandouri improvisation and Smyrna
Dora Stratou DS 107
Dora Stratou DS 108
Dora Stratou DS 109
Dora Stratou DS 110
Pontus and Aegean Islands
Dora Stratou DS 111
Dora Stratou DS 112
Dora Stratou DS 113
Eastern Macedonia (Pangaio)
Dora Stratou DS 114
Eastern Macedonia (Pangaio)
Dora Stratou DS 115
Dora Stratou DS 116
Dora Stratou DS 117
Dora Stratou DS 118
Dora Stratou DS 119
Dora Stratou DS 120
Dora Stratou DS 121
Dora Stratou DS 122
Dora Stratou DS 123
Dora Stratou DS 124
Dora Stratou DS 125
Central Greece and a Sandouri Improvisation
Dora Stratou DS 126
Dora Stratou DS 127
Dora Stratou DS 128
Dora Stratou DS 129
Dora Stratou DS 130
Dora Stratou DS 131
Dora Stratou DS 132
Dora Stratou DS 133
Dora Stratou DS 134
Dora Stratou DS 135
Dora Stratou DS 136